The Mlb Collective Bargaining Agreement

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The MLB Collective Bargaining Agreement: Understanding the Basics

The MLB Collective Bargaining Agreement (CBA) is a document that outlines the rules, regulations, and policies that govern the relationship between Major League Baseball (MLB) owners and players. As one of the most competitive sports leagues in the world, the MLB CBA plays a crucial role in ensuring that both owners and players are treated fairly.

In this article, we’ll provide an overview of some of the most important aspects of the MLB CBA, including player salaries, free agency, and revenue sharing.

Player Salaries

One of the most important aspects of the CBA for players is how salaries are determined. The CBA sets a minimum salary that players must be paid, which increases each year. In addition, players are eligible for bonuses and incentives based on their performance during a season.

The CBA also establishes rules for salary arbitration, which is a process by which players and teams negotiate a salary for the upcoming season. Typically, players with three or more years of service are eligible for salary arbitration, and the arbitration panel must choose one of the two proposed salaries.

Free Agency

Another important aspect of the MLB CBA is free agency. Players become eligible for free agency after six years of service. This means that they are free to negotiate with any team and sign a contract without the previous team having any right of first refusal.

The CBA also establishes rules for the qualifying offer, which is a one-year contract offer that teams can make to their free agents. If the player declines the offer and signs with another team, the original team is awarded a compensation pick in the next year`s draft.

Revenue Sharing

Revenue sharing is a system by which MLB teams share their revenue with one another. The goal of revenue sharing is to ensure that small-market teams have the resources they need to compete with larger-market teams.

Under the CBA, teams contribute a portion of their revenue to a revenue sharing pool. The pool is then divided among teams that qualify based on their market size and revenue. This system helps to level the playing field and prevent large-market teams from dominating the league.


The MLB Collective Bargaining Agreement is a complex document that governs many aspects of the relationship between MLB owners and players. By understanding some of the basics of the CBA, fans can gain a deeper appreciation for the nuances of the game and the business behind it.

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